Governance of Migration
(Research papers and policy briefs below)
Identifying appropriate and workable approaches to governance of 'natural,' permanent and worldwide migratory phenomena is urgent. The rule of law and legal mechanisms are recognized foundations for guaranteeing protection of migrants, obtaining democratic governance of nation-States, and for regulating relations among nations. Indeed, a comprehensive framework of international standards, institutions, stakeholder consultative forums and administrative mechanisms to protect migrants and regulate migration was carefully constructed over the last century.
Today, need for normative and policy guidance is evident in almost every country, and internationally. Globalized economic, social, political and demographic factors are increasing dependency of countries worldwide on foreign skills and labour, while absence of decent work, repressive conditions and environmental factors displace millions, making human mobility a predominant feature of contemporary globalization. Widespread abuse and exploitation of migrants undermine decent work and social welfare in many situations. Rising discrimination and xenophobia pose as yet unchecked threats to social cohesion. News media and public discourse paint migration as threatening security, society and the very identity of nations.
These features pose new challenges for national and local governments, for social partners and for civil society. However, in a contemporary environment of deregulation, existing rules, mechanisms and dialogue spaces for national governance and international cooperation are often overlooked or overruled. Dialogue abounds but little discussion is anchored in clear understandings of what governance means and what governance instruments apply to migration. Nor is much debate grounded in adequate, evidence-based assessments of existing conditions and historical experience and acquis.
Building on solid normative standards and worldwide experience, GMPA is engaged in review of established principles, policy frameworks, institutional setups and practical measures to reconsider their relevance to future as well as present conditions. Together with the Office of the UN High Commissioner for Human Rights, GMPA is organizing an informal conversation on international migration, human rights and governance among invited international experts on 27 September 2012.
GMPA is also focusing on regulation and governance of population (labour and skills) mobility in multi-State economic integration, common market and "free movement" areas. Today, more than 110 countries are part of one or more multi-country regional integration initiatives where freer circulation of people is formally established or is being negotiated. Another GMPA concern is to provide guidance and support for local authorities worldwide who have vital administrative roles and responsibilities in cities, districts, departments and regions with increasingly diverse and immigrant populations.
Focal Point Contacts
Documents and Papers
- Free Movement, Labour Mobility, Regional Integration and Development: Keys to Africa Moving in the 21st Century, TARAN, 2015.
- GMPA Views on Proposed Targets for the post-2015 Development Agenda Regarding International Migration, GMPA, 2014.
- A Contribution to Evaluating the Stockholm Programme Regarding Migration, TARAN, 2014.
- International Migration, Human Rights, Development & Governance: Current State of Affairs: A Global Overview, TARAN, 2014.
- Migration: Economic & Social Impact, TARAN, 2013.
- Restructuring EU-MENA Relations in the Wake of Arab Revolts: A Critical Perspective from the South, FAKHOURY, 2012.
- The Role of Academia in Informing Policies in Light of the Arab Uprisings, FAKHOURY, 2012.
- Are the Historical Lessons of the Tsarist and Totalitarian Migration Policy Worth Learning or Sinking into Obscurity? IVAKHNYUK, 2011.
- Kazakh Parliamentary Workshop: Labour Migration, Governance and the Rule of Law, TARAN, 2011.
- Migration in MENA Countries: challenges of 'Arab Spring' Upheavals in Context of Globalized Migration, TARAN, 2011.
- Role of Migration in Post-Revolution Tunisia: Mobility, Development and Governance, TARAN, 2011.
- The Future of Migration Has Arrived: Regulation and Governance: What's at Stake for Administration, TARAN, 2011.
- Labour Market Performance and Migration Flows in Arab Mediterranean Countries: Determinants and Effects, Volume 1, FAKHOURY, VENTURINI & JOUANT, 2010.
- Migration, Governance and Human Rights: Contemporary Dilemmas in Era of Globalization, TARAN & CHOLEWINSKI, 2010.
- La Directiva de Retorno de la UE: Apuntes Críticos Desde una Perspectiva de Derechos Humanos, CERIANI, 2009.
- European Migration Control in the African Territory: the Omission of the Extraterritorial Character of Human Rights Obligations, CERIANI, 2009.
- Migration and Deportation in West Africa, Chapter 3: Migrant Rights and Migration Control Policies in the Jurisprudence of the European Court of Human Rights: Challenges, Obstacles and Opportunities for Litigation, CERIANI, 2008.
- Imperatives for Union Leadership in Defending a Rights Based Approach to Migration in the Age of Globalization, TARAN, 2006.
- Regulating Migration: A Key to Russia's Future: A Contribution to the Hearing on Irregular Migration and Security, TARAN, 2006.
- House of Lords Hearing Economic Migration to the EU, TARAN, 2005.